A sales contract is a legal document that describes the terms of a real estate transaction. It lists the price and other details of the transaction, and is signed by the seller and buyer. A sales contract is a transfer of ownership contract. Even after both parties have signed the contract, the property has not changed ownership and the deed is not in the buyer`s name. Tim and Jill are buying a house. They find one they really like, and they start negotiating a price with the broker. Everything`s fine, so they decide to sign the sales contract. The agreement states that they will move on August 1 and how to pay for the house, with an emergency clause that explains that Tim and Jill must first sell their old home and transfer the money to a trust account. The sales contract requires the seller to declare that the house is free of lead paint, and he does so. As soon as Tim and Jill have sold the old house and the trust account confirms receipt of the money, the purchase is complete. The timing of the transfer of rights process is inherently problematic for several reasons.
First, publication means that copyright transfer rights, which are subject to publication conditions, are rarely freely transferred or acquired without printing.  Second, it becomes very difficult for an author not to sign a copyright transfer contract because of the association of publications with career advancement (print or loss/print publication) and the time lost should be restarted in the verification and publication process. There are power dynamics in the game that do not benefit authors and often endanger certain academic freedoms.  This may partly explain why authors in the field of scientific research, unlike all other sectors where original creators receive fees or royalties, generally receive no payment from publishers. It also explains why many authors seem to continue to sign their rights when they do not agree with the reasons behind them.  This represents a fundamental discrepancy between the purpose of copyright (i.e. the full choice of an author/creator beyond the dissemination of works) and its application, as authors lose those rights in the transfer of copyright.